Macular Degeneration of the Eye – a Basic Anatomy

Macular degeneration (AMD) of the eye is a growing health problem around the world. According to statistics, it affects approximately nine million Americans older than 40. In Australia, approximately 15 percent of the population over the age of 50 shows signs of the disease, while in Canada, the cases of AMD grow at a rate of 10,000 per year. 

Macular degeneration is a disease of the macula or the structure found at the center of the retina, which is the region of greatest visual acuity. Because it is highly associated with aging, the majority of AMD cases happen to the elderly. To understand this disease better, one must have a background on the eye structures affected by the condition, namely the retina, macula, and fovea. You would also do well to contact nCCRS to find out more about the condition. 

The retina, which is about 0.5 mm thick, is a structure that lines the back of the eye. It retina is responsible for converting light into electrical impulses, which are then sent to the brain by the rods and cones via the optic nerves. 

The macula, which is the main structure that becomes damaged in macular degeneration, is a yellow, oval-shaped spot found at the center of the retina. The area provides the clearest vision. The optic nerve connects to the macula; hence, any damage to the macula can affect the optic nerve and vice versa. 

Found at the center of the macula is the fovea. The fovea, also known as fovea centralis, is rich in cones, or the photoreceptors that are responsible for color vision. 

Macular degeneration of the eye occurs when the retina, macula, or fovea become damaged genetically, physically, or by the natural process of aging resulting in macular degeneration.

Searching for Eye Doctors and Vision Institutes

There are numerous vision institutes and eye doctors available nowadays so if you ever experience having problems with your vision, do not hesitate to consult with one. Most likely, a friend or a family member has already consulted an optometrist or an ophthalmologist and if you need to undergo an eye checkup but you do not have an eye doctor yet, it is best to ask for a referral. However, if you cannot get any referral from anyone, you still do not have to worry because you can look for information online.

Just open any search engine on your browser using your mobile phone or any electronic gadget which can connect to the Internet and start a search for eye doctors within your area. Aside from specific doctors, you can also search for vision institutes because if you have one near you, you can go there and have a consultation with their in-house eye doctors. Look for the reviews and testimonials of past patients as well as other significant information about the doctors and institutes which you can read when you view the website. Almost all information can be easily accessed online but if you have the time, check and visit vision institutes near you or in nearby areas